THE TOBACCO TIMELINE
The Twenty-First Century -- The New Millenium
2000: BUSINESS: MARKET SHARE:
World's largest tobacco companies:
1. China National Tobacco Company 31% [China has 385 million smokers]
2. Philip Morris 17%
3. British American Tobacco (BAT) 13%
4. RJR Reynolds 6%
5. Rothmans International 4%
2000: BUSINESS: US MARKET SHARE:
Philip Morris Inc.: 50 percent
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. : 24 percent.
Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp.:13 percent
Lorillard Tobacco Co.: 10 percent
Liggett Group Inc.: 1 percent
Source: "Defendants in Fla. Smokers' Trial" AP, Jul 14, 2000
2000: BUSINESS: US MARKET SHARE: Top Brands:
1. Marlboro, Philip Morris, 35.4
2. Doral, R.J. Reynolds, 6.3
3. Newport, Lorillard, 6.2
4. Camel, R.J. Reynolds, 5.3
5. Winston, R.J. Reynolds, 5.2
6. Basic, Philip Morris, 4.9
7. GPC, Brown & Williamson, 4.7
8. Kool, Brown & Williamson, 3.3
9. Salem, R.J. Reynolds, 3.2
10. Virginia Slims, Philip Morris, 2.6
Source: R.J. Reynolds, January 2000
2000: CONSUMPTION: US has a per capita smoking rate of 1,551 cigarettes, down from the high of 2,905 cigarettes in 1976. (The Tax Burden on Tobacco, Historical Compilation Volume 35, 2000)
2000: CONSUMPTION: 29.7% of high school senior girls report having smoked within the last 30 days. 32.8% of high school senior boys report having smoked within the last 30 days.(U. of Mich, 2000)
2000: Reducing Tobacco Use: A Report of the Surgeon General
2000: JAPAN: Emperor Arkihito ends the tradition (begun by Hirohito in 1964) of giving out cigarettes to his staff on his birthday.
2000: BUSINESS: Richemont reduces its effective interest in British American Tobacco to 21 per cent through partial disposal of holding of preference shares.
2000-01-19: CANADA: Health Minister Unveils Gruesome Labels. Images of cancerous lungs, diseased mouths, and droopy cigarettes imitating limp penises are among a series of 16 new visual warnings that will have to cover half of each cigarette pack sold in Canada under regulatory reforms unveiled on Jan 19 by Health Minister Allan Rock.
2000-02: American Legacy Foundation launches "truth" campaign led by teens.
2000-02-16: Farmers sue tobacco companies in a $69 billion lawsuit seeking to recover damages they say were caused by the industry's settlement with the U.S. government.
2000-02-08: Wholesalers and distributors file suit against major tobacco companies, accusing them of collusion/price fixing because they raised cigarette prices "by the exact amount" during 1997 and 1998.
2000-02-21: CANADA: B.C. Supreme Court rules province's lawsuit against tobacco companies is unconstitutional
2000-03-02: REGULATION: Philip Morris VP Steven Parrish calls for government regulation of tobacco. At a CASA conference, Parrish shared the podium and discussion with Dr. David Kessler, and said that nicotine is an addictive drug and that the Food and Drug Administration should regulate tobacco, PM said it still opposes FDA regulation of nicotine as a drug.
2000-03-20: LITIGATION: Whiteley Jurors find against Tobacco
California Superior Court jury finds that the Philip Morris and RJ Reynolds acted with malice, knew about the health hazards of smoking and deliberately misled the public about those dangers. It also found that the two companies committed fraud.http://www.tobacco.org/Documents/000320whiteleyjuryform.html
2000-03-21: LITIGATION: SCOTUS: US Supreme Court Rules 5-4 against FDA Regulation of Tobacco
"No matter how important, conspicuous, and controversial the issue, and regardless of how likely the public is to hold the Executive Branch politically accountable, an administrative agency's power to regulate in the public interest must always be grounded in a valid grant of authority from Congress. "
2000-03-27: LITIGATION: Whiteley jury orders Philip Morris and R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. to pay $1.7 Million in compensatory and $20 million in punitive damages.
2000-03-29: LITIGATION: Federal jury rules UST violated antitrust laws; U.S. Tobacco Co ordered to pay $1.05 billion to Conwood. The Kentucky jury awarded $350 million in damages to Conwood; U.S. District Judge Thomas Russell trebled that amount pursuant to federal law. Conwood charged that UST had engaged in anti-competitive business practices in trying to control point-of-sale advertising, including vandalizing and removing Conwood in-store display racks.
After a monthlong trial, the jury deliberated for almost four hours on Tuesday before setting damages at $350 million against Greenwich, Conn.-based U.S. Tobacco. Under federal antitrust laws, the damages were automatically tripled.
2000-04-07: LITIGATION: Engle Jury Awards 3 Smokers $12.7 Million in damages; punitives yet to be decided.
2000-04-20: BUSINESS: RJR Markets "Eclipse" cigarette as healthier alternative.
2000-05-31: World No-Tobacco
2000-06-04: US Department of Transportation bans smoking on all US international flights.
Day Slogan: Tobacco kills - Don't be duped
2000-06-25: BUSINESS: Philip Morris Cos. agrees to acquire Nabisco Holdings Corp. for $18.9 billion.
2000-07-14: LITIGATION: Engle Jury Awards Florida Smokers Punitive Damages of $145 Billion--the biggest judgment in U.S. history.
2000-08-20: SPORTS: CANADA: Last Du Maurier Open women's tennis tournament is held.
2000-08-27: LITIGATION: Russia Sues Tobacco in Miami-Dade County court, Florida, charging Philip Morris and other tobacco companies with causing suffering to Russian smokers, hiding the risks of cigarettes, and damaging Russia's economy.
2000-08: BUSINESS: RJR spins out Targacept. A world leader in neuronal nicotinic receptor (NNR) research and development, Targacept is dedicated to the design, discovery and development of a new class of drugs that will treat Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, ulcerative colitis and others.
2000-09-18: UK: FORMULA 1 SCANDAL: Journalist Andrew Rawnsley, in newspaper exerpts from his book, Servants Of The People, alleges that Chancellor Gordon Brown and PM Tony Blair lied in television interviews about details of Labour's 1m donation from Bernie Ecclestone.
2000-09-29: REGULATION: South Africa's Tobacco Products Control Amendment Act comes into effect, strictly regulating smoking and advertising.
2000-10-12: LITIGATION: JONES: A Florida jury decides that the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. was responsible for the death of Robert Jones' wife Suzanne M. Jones, and awards compensatory damages totaling $200,028.57 for negligence on the part of RJR and a defective cigarette design.
2000-10-15: LITIGATION: BAT, Santa Fe natural sue to block NY law banning out-of-state cigarette sales directly to consumers.
2000-11: LITIGATION: NORWAY: Lifelong smoker Robert Lund loses case against Tiedemanns Tobaksfabrikk A/S.
2000-11-03: LITIGATION: European Union files suit in New York against RJR, Philip Morris on RICO/smuggling claims.
2000-11-04: LITIGATION: ENGLE: U.S. District Judge Ursula Ungaro-Benages rules that the Engle case belongs in state, not federal court.
2000-11-05: LITIGATION: Lorillard, Liggett reach a tentative $8 Billion Settlement of individual tobacco suits, brokered by NY Judge Weinstein.
2000-11-06: LITIGATION: ENGLE: Judge Kaye affirms $145 Billion award against tobacco companies.
2000-11-14: LITIGATION: Judge stays New York ban on direct sales of cigarettes to consumers via internet or mail order. Judge Loretta A. Preska writes that Brown & Williamson is "likely to be able to prove that the statute discriminates against interstate commerce" and, therefore, violates the U.S. Constitution's Commerce Clause allowing interstate commerce. The law was to take effect 11/14; Preska schedules a hearing to consider whether she should impose a longer-lasting injunction.
2000-12-03: BUSINESS: London Times reports that BAT has agreed to give Nottingham University 3.8m pounds to set up an "International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility."
2000-12-11: BUSINESS: Philip Morris Cos. completes its $18.9 billion acquisition of Nabisco Holdings Corp., creating the world's second-biggest food maker behind Switzerland's Nestle SA. Also, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Holdings Inc. completes its purchase of Nabisco Group Holdings Corp., which held an 80.5 percent stake in Nabisco Holdings.
2001: BUSINESS: US MARKET SHARE: Top Brands:
1. Marlboro, Philip Morris, 52.4% (Source: Philip Morris 1Q, April, 2001)
2001: BUSINESS: TOP TOBACCO EXPORTERS
Country / %Share of world tobacco exports
2001-01-01: CANADA: Canada mandates large, graphic cigarette pack labels.
2001-01: CANADA: Imperial begins distributing three lifestyle magazines: Real Edge, for men, The Art of Living Simple, for women, and Pursuit, an arts mag.
2001: SMOKEFREE: MN: Cloquet, Moose Lake and Duluth ban smoking in restaurants.
2001-01-08: IL: Susan Miles et al v Philip Morris Inc. is certified as a class action lawsuit in Madison County.
2001-01-11: Women and Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General (2001)
2001-01-11: BUSINESS: B&W re-launches Pall Mall nationally as the New Filtered PALL MALL
2001-01-19: George Bush is inaugurated as United States President. His cabinet nominees include WI Gov. Tommy Thompson for Secretary of Health and Human Services, John Ashcroft as Attorney General, and Gale Norton as Secretary of the Interior
2001-01-22: LITIGATION: WV: Blankenship "medical monitoring" trial is declared a mistrial when witness Farone inadvertently references the verboten subject: addiction. Ohio County Circuit Judge Arthur Recht had said a few days earlier, "I guarantee I'm smarter now than I was a month ago. As the case goes on you get a clearer picture, and it is clear now: Addiction is, I believe, a necessary element in this case -- the inability to quit."
2001-01-24: LITIGATION: 3 Countries Sue Tobacco Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan file in Florida
- Brazil 17%
- US 10%
- Zimbabwe 9%
- China 6%
- India 5.6%
2001-02-22: "Clearing the Smoke: Assessing the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction, " a new report from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies, is released.
Products developed to lessen the risk of disease by reducing exposure to toxic chemicals are scientifically feasible, but in the absence of rigorous research, no one knows if these products decrease the incidence of tobacco-related disease or actually increase it by encouraging smoking. The report outlines how tried-and-true public health tools -- research, surveillance, communication, and regulation -- should be used to ensure that the availability of these products confers less risk to the individual and to the population as a whole compared with conventional tobacco products. It recommends a regulatory strategy to assure that these products reduce risk of disease
2001-03-08: LITIGATION: Grady Carter collects $1.1 million from Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. The payment, covering a 1996 jury award of $750,000 plus interest, represents the first time an individual collected payment from the tobacco industry for a tobacco-related illness.
2001-04-05: LITIGATION: FL: Miami jury finds cigarette manufacturers not liable for the lung diseases of former TWA flight attendant Marie Fontana. This was the first individual case (out of about 3200 filed) after the Broin settlement.
2001-04-16: LITIGATION: FL: Florida state court judge rules that he would dismiss the lawsuit brought by Ecuador against US manufacturers.
2001-05-01: Australian barmaid wins AU$450G from employer in ETS case. In NSW Supreme Court, Mrs. Marlene Sharp sued the Port Kembla RSL for negligence claiming her cancer was caused by years of breathing other people's smoke while working at the club between 1984 and 1995. The four-man jury took about four hours to decide the club had been negligent.
2001-05-16: LITIGATION: NJ: jury finds Philip Morris and RJ Reynolds not liable in the Mehlman personal lawsuit (Mehlman v. Philip Morris, et. al.)
2001-05-18: CHINA: BAT and China Tobacco Corporation enter into joint venture resulting in the Sino-British Cigarette Sales Co.
2001-05-22: LITIGATION: US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit throws out Service Employees International Union Health and Welfare Fund, Guatemala, Nicauragua and Ukraine suits.
2001-05-31: RELIGION: LEBANON: Senior Shiite Muslim cleric Grand Ayatollah Mohammed Hussein Fadlallah issues a religious edict (fatwa) ordering his followers to stop smoking. ''A smoker is committing two crimes, one against himself and the other against the one inhaling next to him," he tells AP.
2001-06-04: LITIGATION: NY: Empire Blue Cross Blue Shield wins up to $17.8 Million for deceptive business practices regarding smoking and asbestos exposure from Philip Morris, RJR, Lorillard and Liggett.
2001-06-05: LITIGATION: CANADA: Ex-cigarette salesman Joe Battaglia loses his $6,000 case against Imperial Tobacco
2001-06-01: REGULATION: CANADA: Toronto's strict indoor smoking law goes into effect. Bars will be added August 1.
2001-06-06: LITIGATION: CA: Jury awards Richard Boeken $3 Billion in suit against Philip Morris in Los Angeles. Amount is later reduced to $100 Million.
2001-06-07: LITIGATION: Federal judge throws out NY State law banning internet or mail order cigarette sales directly to consumers. Judge Loretta A. Preska of the U.S. District Court in Manhattan, says in a 77-page opinion that the state law "discriminates" and is "protectionist," and "constitutionally impermissible" because it favors local tobacco retailers over out-of-state competitors. (B&W v. Pataki)
2001-06-13: BUSINESS: Philip Morris sells off 16% of Kraft. The Kraft Foods (KFT) IPO begins trading at $31, and ends the day at $31.25, raising $8.68 billion in the nation's second-largest initial public offering ever. Philip Morris keeps 275 million Class A shares and all 1.18 billion of the Class B shares in Kraft, thus retaining almost 98% of voting rights in Kraft. For many analysts, the "tobacco taint" remains.
2001-06-19: LITIGATION: Dept. of Justice assembles a team to negotiate a settlement over its racketeering lawsuit.
2001-06-22: BUSINESS: Gallaher acquires Austria Tabak..
2001-06-28: SCOTUS: US Supreme Court bars Mass. ad restrictions.
2001-06-29: SCOTUS: CARTER: US Supreme Court denies B&W petition; $750,000 award stands. B&W pays Carter $1.1 M
2001-06-29: LITIGATION: FALISE: Manville Trust drops asbestos lawsuit.
2001-07-16: CZECH REPUBLIC: News reports reveal that Philip Morris released to the government a PM-commissioned Arthur D. Little report which concluded that smokers save the state money--by dying early. While the Czech media yawns, other international media provide heavy coverage and extremely negative commentary.
2001-07-24: Philip Morris CEO Geoffrey Bible writes a letter to US Senator Diane Feinstein.apologizing for the Arthur D. Little report.
2001-07-25: Steven C. Parrish, a senior vice president, apologizes for the Arthur D. Little report, saying in a Wall St. Journal interview, "We understand that this was not only a terrible mistake, but that it was wrong. . . To say it's totally inappropriate is an understatement."
2001-07-26: Philip Morris publicly apologizes for the Arthur D. Little report. The statment reads, "For one of our tobacco companies to commission this study was not just a terrible mistake, it was wrong. All of us at Philip Morris, no matter where we work, are extremely sorry for this. No one benefits from the very real, serious and significant diseases caused by smoking. We understand the outrage that has been expressed and we sincerely regret this extraordinarily unfortunate incident. We will continue our efforts to do the right thing in all our businesses, acknowledging mistakes when we make them and learning from them as we go forward."
2001-08-08: BAT breaks into South Korean market; announces plans to invest $1bn in South Korean cigarette operations, beginning with a new $80M factory, BAT becomes the first foreign company to break KTG's monopoly.
2001-08-09: LITIGATION: Judge reduces Boeken award from $3B to $100M, denies Philip Morris a new trial.
The jury plainly, and with substantial evidentiary support, found Philip Morris's conduct reprehensible. The record fully supports findings that Philip Morris knew by the late 1950s and early 1960s that the nicotine in cigarettes is highly addictive, that substances in cigarette tar cause lung cancer, and that no substantial medical or scientific doubt existed on these crucial facts. Nevertheless, motivated primarily by a professed desire to generate wealth, Philip Morris, in concert with other major American tobacco companies, consistently endeavored through calculated misrepresentations to create doubts in the minds of snickers , especially addicted smokers such as Richard Boeken, that cigarettes are neither addictive nor disease-producing. . .
Philip Morris's doubt-creating scheme fully succeeded in the case of Mr. Boeken and others . . .
The evidence further indicates that Philip Morris monitored the relative market share of its Marlboro brand - the brand smoked by Boeken from his teens - to insure it maintained dominance among underage smokers to whom cigarettes could not be sold legally. . .
Citing the Public Health Cigarette Act of 1969, 15 U.S.C. 1331 et seq:, Philip Morris argues that Congress has determined "that it is not reprehensible ... to market and advertise cigarettes with the warning prescribed in that statute." Philip Morris is not being punished for marketing cigarettes, but rather for engaging in a fraudulent business scheme initiated long before passage of the Act. . .
Philip Morris's conduct was in fact reprehensible in every sense of the word, both legal and moral. -- Charles W. McCoy, Jr.
2001-08-11: SETTLEMENT: National Conf. of State Legislators report finds only 5% of state tobacco settlement monies go to tobacco control. NCSL's PR Release is titled: "Health Programs Benefit from Tobacco Money" (36% went to health services and long-term care).
2001-08-22: UK: The Guardian publishes new smuggling allegations against BAT, backed up by documents from whistleblower Alex Solagnier,; Conservative Party leadership candidate and BAT spokesman Kenneth Clarke is attacked.
2001-08-24: BAT breaks into Vietnam market. BAT announces that it has been granted a license for a $40 million joint venture with Vintaba to build a processing plant in Vietnam
2001-09-11: International Tobacco Products Marketing Standards Agreement is signed JT, BAT and Philip Morris agree that the promotion and distribution of tobacco products should be "directed at smokers and not at youth," and should be "consistent with the principle of informed adult choice." The agreement will go into effect in Dec., 2002.
2001-10-16: US Court of Appeals (First Circuit) reinstates a Massachusetts law that requires tobacco companies to disclose the ingredients in their products.
2001-10-19: LITIGATION: NY Judge Weinstein refuses to throw out the jury's verdict in the Blue Cross/Blue Shield case.
2001-11-05: BUSINESS: Brown & Williamson begins test-marketing Advance, its "reduced risk" cigarette, in Indianapolis, using the slogan, 'All of the taste, less of the toxins.'
2001-11-05: BUSINESS: Vector heralds Omni, its "reduced risk" cigarette, with an ad in Monday's People Magazine, with the tagline, "Reduced carcinogens. Premium taste."
2001-11-01: CANADA raises tobacco taxes by C$1.50; some provinces increase their own taxes on top of the federal increase.
2001-11-02: INDIA's Supreme Court rules that smoking in public spaces must be banned country-wide.
2001-11-15: BUSINESS: Philip Morris proposes changing its corporate name to Altria, which would consist of Miller Beer, Kraft Foods, and the two cigarette branches, Philip Morris USA and Philip Morris International.
2001-11-26: LITIGATION: Philip Morris files appeal of Engle verdicts.
2001-11-29: Beatle George Harrison dies of lung cancer. He had been battling various forms of the disease for at least three years: In 1998, he underwent radiation therapy for throat cancer, which he attributed to years of smoking.
In their December l0th issues, both Time and Newsweek extensively covered Harrison's death, but neither magazine mentioned smoking. Both magazines carry tobacco ads.
2001-12-11: BUSINESS: RJ Reynolds Tobacco Holdings Inc. buys Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Co. for $340M in cash. Santa Fe makes Natural American Spirit cigarettes, which contain no additives.
2001-12-13: BUSINESS: RJ Reynolds Tobacco Holdings Inc. signs merger deal with Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Co.
2002: MARKET SHARE: RJRT's total market share for 2002 is 22.93%.
2002: SMOKEFREE: MN: Olmstead County bans smoking in restaurants.
2002: SMOKEFREE: South Dakota bans smoking in restaurants. Exempts bars and restaurants licensed to sell liquor.
2002-01-01: Oregon's Smokefree Workplace law goes into effect. It requires almost all employers to ensure their workplaces are smokefree and display "No Smoking" signs. Exceptions include bars and taverns, bingo parlors, tobacco stores, bowling alleys and hotel and motel rooms designated as smoking rooms.
2002-01-08: LEGISLATION: President Bush signs into law the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act. In a section titled the "Pro-Children Act of 2001," the new law bans smoking within any indoor facility owned or leased or contracted for and utilized for routine or regular kindergarten, elementary, or secondary education or library services to children. See: http://www.ed.gov/offices/OESE/esea/
2002-01-16: BUSINESS: RJR Completes acquisition of Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Co.
2002-02-22: LITIGATION: Burton wins suit in Kansas. RJR and B&W are found guilty of failing to warn about the risks of smoking before warning labels appeared in the 1960s. Jurors found that David Burton's peripheral vascular disease (PVD), which caused him to lose both his legs, was caused by smoking. They ordered R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. to pay $196,416 in compensatory damages and Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. to pay $1,984 for Burton's medical bills and economic losses.
Reynolds also was found liable for punitive damages for fraudulently concealing the risks and addictiveness of smoking, according to the unanimous verdict. This is the first time the industry has lost 1) in the MidWest; 2) in a federal court (except for Cipollone, which was overturned on appeal); 3) in connection with PVD.
2002-02-19: NY: LITIGATION: EU Suit against RJR, Philip Morris is dismissed. Judge rules the US Revenue Rule precludes tax recovery, but suggests EU may file on money-laundering violations.
2002-02-21: REGULATION: President Bush signs into law the Shays/Meehan-McCain Feingold Campaing Finance Reform bill.
2002-03-22: LITIGATION: Oregon Jury finds for Marlene Schwartz; finds Philip Morris lied on "light" cigarettes, orders company to Pay $150 M. Award will be cut to $100 M in May.
2002-03-22: LITIGATION: AUSTRALIA: Victoria Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Eames enters default judgement for McCabe, finding British American Tobacco Australia Services Ltd.'s 1998 destruction of 30,000 documents --plus an untold number since 1985--deprived her of a fair trial. The 133-page decision was sealed until a jury decides on damages. Decision is now at: http://www.tobacco.org/Documents/020322mccabe.html
2002-04-11: LITIGATION: AUSTRALIA Melbourne Jury awards McCabe $AU700,000; Eames' 3/22 decision is made public.
2002-04-11: SOUTH KOREA: The National Cancer Center (NCC) officially confirms that smoking causes lung cancer.
2002-04-11: CDC estimates smoking health and productivity costs reach $150 billion a year, according to a new study published in this week's WMMR. CDC estimated the total cost of smoking at $3,391 a year for every smoker, and even itemized the per-pack health/productivity costs at $7.18 per pack. Further, it estimated the smoking-related medical costs at $3.45 per pack, and job productivity lost because of premature death from smoking at $3.73 per pack.
2002-05: LITIGATION: Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Conrad Aragon fines RJR $14.8 Million for illegally handing out free cigarettes at events like street fairs and car races where children are present.
2002-05: U.S. appeals court affirms a lower court's decision and orders UST to pay a $1.05 billion award for illegally monopolizing the market for moist snuff.
2002-05-31: World No-Tobacco Day. Slogan: "Tobacco-Free Sports: Play it Clean."
2002-06-05: LITIGATION: Oregon Court of Appeals reinstates $80B Williams award. "[D]efendant's narrow focus on the ratio between punitive and compensatory damages ignores the underlying purpose for awarding punitive damages, which is to punish and deter a wrongdoer. The reprehensibility of the defendant's actions, the number of people affected or potentially affected, and indications that the defendant will not change its actions without punishment are all relevant factors. It is also clear that the defendant's wealth is an important consideration; an award that might be a serious punishment for one defendant could be only a minor inconvenience for another."
2002-06-06: LITIGATION: California judge fines RJR $20 million for violating the 1998 tobacco settlement by targeting youths in a magazine advertising campaign. The campaign appeared in a number of youth-oriented magazines such as Rolling Stone, Sports Illustrated, etc. "RJR saw itself losing market share, especially to Philip Morris, and believed it had to be more aggressive than the other tobacco companies in its advertising so as not to lose any more market share even though the likely effect of these efforts was to cause significant exposure to youth . . It was, or should have been apparent to the skillful and bright people who managed RJR's multimillion-dollar, sophisticated print advertising campaign that youth were exposed to
tobacco advertising at levels substantially similar to targeted adult smokers.'' San Diego County Superior Court Judge Ronald Prager wrote in his opinion.
2002-06-17: CANADA: Canadian federal government and provinces hike cigarette taxes. Prices near 1994 levels.
2002-06-18: LITIGATION: Florida jury rules for French in Broin spinoff; nation's first award over secondhand smoke. In a Broin spinoff case, the jury in Circuit Court in Miami found for Lynn French, a flight attendant who claimed her chronic sinusitis was the result of exposure to secondhand smoke while working on flights in the 1970s and 80s, and awarded her $5.5M in damages. 2 previous Broin cases were not successful.
2002-06-23: TOBACCO CONTROL: FRANCE: French health officials air ad warning about the ingredients in a "dangerous product." Half a million people call the hotline to learn what the product is: cigarettes.
2002-07-01: HI: Honolulu smoking ban goes into effect, prohibiting smoking in all workplaces, restaurants and bars within restaurants.
2002-07-02: FDA Forbids sale of Quick Test 5's "Nico Water," ruling the product is a quit-smoking drug, not a dietary supplement.
2002-08-02: NBA drops Lorillard as a sponsor of its youth "Hoop-It-Up" tournament. Lorillard was promoting its "Tobacco is Whacko if You're a Teen" program.
2002-08-05: LITIGATION: California Supreme Court rules on legislators' "Napkin Deal" intentions, allows 10-year window of immunity: Smokers can't sue over industry conduct between 1988 and 1998, unless they claim additives to cigarettes increased the danger. (Myers v. Philip Morris Cos. Inc - http://www.tobacco.neu.edu/PR/supportdocs/myers_decision.htm., Naegele v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. - http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/opinions/documents/S090420.PDF)
2002-08-07: Exxon-Mobile signs agreement with Attorneys General to better prevent sales of tobacco to youth.
2002-08-28: Philip Morris names Chief Executive Louis Camilleri as chairman to replace Geoffrey C. Bible, who will retire Aug. 31, after reaching mandatory retirement age.
2002-08-28: Ohio Supreme Court rules 6-1 that local health boards lack authority to restrict smoking in public places, invalidating smoking bans in a dozen counties. "We refuse to extend by mere implication the authority of local boards of health beyond clearly stated and well-defined limits,'' wrote Justice Andrew Douglas for the majority.
2002-09-10: LITIGATION: LUXEMBOURG: EU judge rejects tobacco challenge to new regulations on the manufacture and marketing of cigarettes. In response to a BAT/Imperial challenge, Advocate General Leendert Geelhoed, Advocate General of the European Court of Justice, rules that EU authorities were within their rights to set new limits on the levels of tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide in cigarettes sold or produced in the EU. He also backed new laws banning the use of terms such as 'light' and 'mild' and more graphic health warnings on all packets. The ruling is at: http://www.curia.eu.int/en/cp/aff/cp0270en.htm
2002-09-19: LITIGATION: NY: Nation of smokers certified as a class. Eastern District of New York Judge Jack B. Weinstein certifies a nationwide class action lawsuit against the tobacco industry in the case known as Simon II. The ruling is at: http://www.tobacco.neu.edu/Extra/hotdocs/simon_cert.htm
2002-09-23: LITIGATION: NY, CA: Philip Morris Announces Suits against Internet Cigarette Vendors. Philip Morris says it has filed 8 suits against 12 vendors over trademark violations in their advertising and web names, sales of illegally imported cigarettes, and lack of proper verification procedures to prevent sales to minors.
2002-09-26: LITIGATION: CA: Philip Morris Loses Bullock Case. Jury awards Bullock $850,000. Michael Puize wins 2nd case (after Boeken).
2002-09-23: LITIGATION: NY, CA: NY Judge throws out CA settlement fees for Castano consortium. Judge Figueroa rules settlement panel overstepped its authority under the MSA's arbitration clause in award to Ellis lawyers.
2002-09-26: LITIGATION: CA: Jury Orders Philip Morris to pay Bullock $28 Billion in punitive damages, the largest payment to a single plaintiff in history. (Bullock v. Philip Morris Inc., Cal. Super. Ct., No. BC 249171)
2002-10: JAPAN: Chiyoda Ward bans smoking on parts of its streets.
2002-10-07: NY: Nassau County becomes the first county in New York state to ban smoking in virtually all bars and restaurants. Only cigar shops are exempted. Law goes into effect March 1, 2003.
2002-10-09: NY: Dutchess County smoking ban passes into law; toughest smoking ban in NY will take effect Jan. 1, 2003. County Executive William Steinhaus allows the law to become effective by not vetoing it, but calls the legislation flawed and unenforceable.
2002-10-10: NY: New York City holds first hearing on indoor smoking ban that would include all bars and restaurants. Mayor Bloomberg opens the testimony with a plea to pass the bill. See http://www.nyc.gov/html/om/html/2002b/testimony101002.html
2002-10-09: NY: LITIGATION: UST Settles McMullin suit.
2002-10-22: UK: Parliament passes tobacco advertising ban.
2002-10-29: UK raises the allowance for personal use of cigarettes brought into the country by four times, from 800 to 3,200 ciggies a person
2002-10-30: EUROPE: European Union files money-laundering/smuggling suit against RJR in Brooklyn, NY charging that "[RJR officials] at the highest corporate level [made it] part of their operating business plan to sell cigarettes to and through criminal organizations and to accept criminal proceeds in payments for cigarettes by secret and surreptitious means."
2002-11-04: CANADA/NY: US Supreme Court refuses to hear Canada's appeal of RJR smuggling suit. The action lets stand the ruling by the U.S. Second Circuit Court of Appeals which affirmed a June 2000 ruling by the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York to dismiss the Canadian smuggling suit, which was originally filed in 1999. (Attorney General of Canada v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Holdings Inc.)
2002-11-06: AUSTRALIA: BAT introduces a smokefree workplace. Smokers may indulge in ventilated smoking lounges.
2002-11-07: UK: TOBACCO CONTROL: UK Bans tobacco advertising. The Tobacco Advertising and Promotion Act receives Royal Assent on November 7, 2002, after passing through the House of Commons. Provisions will be implemented in 3 stages. On Feb. 14, 2003, new tobacco sponsorship agreements, advertising on billboards and in the press and free distributions will be banned. The ban also covers direct mail, internet advertising and new promotions. On May 14, In-pack promotions and direct marketing will be banned On July 30, obacco sponsorship of UK events will be banned. "Exceptional global events", such as the sponsorship of Formula One, may continue until July 31, 2005.
2002-11-08: Philip Morris is fined for breaching Australian tobacco advertising laws. A Sydney local court orders Philip Morris and Wavesnet, to pay a total of $53,200 in fines and court costs for advertising at a fashion event in December 2000. Both companies had pleaded guilty. "Philip Morris developed the event as a means of advertising its product amongst young women so as to increase cigarette consumption amongst that group," Magistrate John Andrews said in his judgment.
2002-11-08: THAILAND: Country-wide indoor smoking ban goes into effect.
2002-11-09: PHILIPPINES: Davao City's smoking ban (City Ordinance 043-02 or the Comprehensive Anti-Smoking Ordinance of Davao City) goes into effect, outlawing smoking on city streets and inside public utility vehicles, accommodation establishments such as hotels and restaurants, public places and other areas outside of one's private residence.
2002-11-09: AUSTRALIA: Philip Morris introduces a smokefree workplace. Smokers may indulge in ventilated smoking lounges. Employees offered a cash stipend instead of weekly cigarette supplies.
2002-11-27: Delaware's statewide smoking ban goes into effect. The amended Clean Indoor Air Act prohibits lighting up in almost all indoor public places, including bars, casinos and bowling alleys.
2002-12-02: EU Bans Tobacco Advertising. Health ministers approve a new law banning tobacco ads in print media.
2002-12-06: AUSTRALIA: LITIGATION: McCabe judgement reversed. See http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/cases/vic/VSCA/2002/197.html
2002-12-07: REGULATION: A ban on smoking becomes effective throughout the US Military, in accordance with Pres. Clinton's 1997 executive order banning smoking in all federal facilities, and after Defense Secretary Cohen's 3-year grace period for all Morale, Welfare and Recreational facilities.Barracks and housing remain exempt.
2002-12-10: LITIGATION: European Court of Justice (ECJ) upholds labeling rules, turns down BAT and Imperial challenge to large, graphic health warnings; allows use of "light" and "mild" terms on exports. EP directive to come into force Sept. 2003. See, http://curia.eu.int/en/cp/aff/cp0299en.htm
2002-12-10: LITIGATION: Appeals Court Reverses Osteen decision, throws out industry's EPA Challenge.Judge H. Emory Widener Jr., writing for the three-judge panel of the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals (Judge Diana Gribbon Motz and Judge Malcolm J. Howard), says, "We do not think that Congress intended to create private rights of actions to challenge the inevitable objectionable impresions created whenever controversial research by a federal agency is published. Such policy statements are properly challenged through the political process and not the courts."
2002-12-11: REGULATION: Boston bans indoor smoking. The Public Health Commission votes unanimously to adopt a measure that would eliminate smoking everywhere -- including bars and nightclubs. The only exceptions are private homes or hotel rooms. The ban is effective May 5, 2003.
2002-12-12: LITIGATION: Federal appeals court upholds $1.4 million verdict against Olympic Airways in secondhand smoke death, the largest individual secondhand smoke award in the US.California Superior Court for Alameda County had previously determined that an Olympic employee's failure to move Dr. Abid Hanson to a new seat was an accident and proximately caused his death from an asthma attack. The final judgement was entered Nov. 28, 2000. (Husain v. Olympic Airways, 00-17509). http://www.ca9.uscourts.gov/ca9/newopinions.nsf/F596B0DD92262F0588256C8D00575BDF/$file/0017509.pdf?openelement
2002-12-13: CANADA: LITIGATION: Tobacco companies' challenge to Canada's advertising regulations begins in Quebec Superior Court.
2002-12-13: CANADA: LITIGATION: Quebec's Superior Court upholds Canada's tobacco advertising regulations. http://www.jugements.qc.ca/tabac-en.doc
2002-12-18: LITIGATION: California judge slashes Bullock award from $28 Billion to $28 Million.
2002-12-18: REGULATION: New York City council passes near-total indoor smoking ban outlawing smoking in virtually all workplaces, including bars, nightclubs and restaurants.
2002-12-18: LITIGATION: New Hampshire Supreme Court allows individual smoker to escape Medicaid fees because of MSA.
2002-12-24: LITIGATION: Oregon Supreme Court upholds $79.5 million jury award to family of Jesse Williams. Court declines to review the June, 2002, appeals court judgement that reinstated the jury award after the original trial judge cut Philip Morris' payment to $32 million.
2002-12-30: REGULATION: New York City Mayor Mike Bloomberg signs clean air bill; bars smoking in almost all indoor space. Will go into effect March 31, 2003.
2002-12-31: LITIGATION: Tobacco wins Conley suit. Federal judge directs a verdict in favor of RJR and Philip Morris. Judge Saundra Armstrong of the Northern District of California rules that plaintiffs (Elaine Conley, Weldon White and Dorothy White) had not produced sufficient evidence to support their claims and that a jury could not reasonably return a verdict against tobacco companies in the 1999 death of 81-year-old Frank White.
2003: SMOKEFREE: SERBIA: Serbia bans smoking in workplaces. Ordinance is largely ignored.
2003-01: IRELAND: Minister of Health Martin announces complete workplace smoking ban, including pubs.
2003-01-01: REGULATION: CANADA: Nova Scotia's Smoke-Free Places Act goes into effect banning smoking in public places; bars and restaurants must exhibit plans to build separately-ventilated smoking rooms, if they want to allow smoking.
2003-01-01: REGULATION: CANADA: Saskatchewan's Tobacco Control Act goes into effect; requires at least 40 per cent of seating capacity in all establishments be designated non-smoking.
2003-01-01: REGULATION: Netherlands tobacco control bill goes into effect. Bans sales of cigarettes to under-16s, restricts tobacco advertising and promotions.
2003-01-01: SCIENCE: U.K. Biobank due to begin; study organizers plan to assemble a database of medical information about 500,000 Britons, including their DNA. The goal, over the next 10 to 20 years, is to sort out the way that genes and the environment combine to cause common diseases.
2003-01-01: LITIGATION: Janoff defeat overturned. Dade County, Florida, Circuit Court Judge Leslie B. Rothenberg grants Suzette Ahrendt Janoff lawyers' motion for a new trial in a Broin case that had been decided in Sept. 2002. Judge Rothenberg concluded that counsel for the tobacco defendants had misled the Court concerning Florida law on the use of authoritative texts, thereby introducing evidence to bolster the opinions rendered by their medical experts.
The class action lawsuit of Susan Miles et al v Philip Morris Inc. was certified in Madison County Feb. 8, 2001, and the
2003-01-07: FL: The Florida Clean Air Act, overwhelmingly passed by Florida voters in the fall of 2002 as an amendment, becomes part of the Florida Constitution. It prohibits smoking in virtually all indoor public areas, including restaurants, some bars, bowling alleys and workplaces.
2003-01-21: IL: Susan Miles et al v Philip Morris Inc. trial begins. This case, which led to an epic battle over the multi-billion bond against Philip Morris, became known as the "Price" lawsuit.
2003-01-22: REGULATION: TX: Dallas City Council passes a sweeping smoking ban. The ordinance, which will go into effect March 1, bans smoking in restaurants, hotels, city-owned facilities, private clubs with eating establishments, bowling alleys, bingo parlors and bars that open into hotels and restaurants.
2003-01-22: REGULATION: WALES National Assembly voted four to one to ban smoking in all public places, the first country in the UK to consider such a step.
2003-01-27: BUSINESS: Philip Morris Companies stock begins trading as Altria Group, Inc. Philip Morris USA, Philip Morris International and Kraft Foods Inc. will keep their names. Altria is derived from the Latin word ``altus'' and reflecting a desire to ``reach higher,'' Altria will keep the ticker symbol MO.
2003-01-27: BUSINESS: Vector Group Ltd. announces that Quest, its low-nicotine cigarette, is available in 7 states. Quest 1, the low nicotine variety, contains 0.6 milligrams of nicotine. Quest 2, the extra-low nicotine variety, contains 0.3 milligrams of nicotine. Quest 3, the nicotine-free variety, contains only trace levels of nicotine - no more than 0.05 milligrams of nicotine per cigarette. Quest cigarettes utilize a proprietary process that enables the production of nicotine-free tobacco that tastes and smokes like tobacco in conventional cigarettes.
2003-01-26: LITIGATION: PA: Philip Morris wins Carter case. State court jury in Philadelphia finds that Katie Carter knew about the health effects of cigarettes and chose to smoke anyway, and would not have quit smoking, even knowing all the risks.
2003-01-27: REGULATION: NY: Suffolk County legislature approves bar and restaurant smoking ban which will take effect in 2006.
2003-01-30: LITIGATION: DE: Lorillard wins right to sue American Legacy Foundation. Delaware Chancery Court Judge Stephen P. Lamb rejects ALF's countersuit arguments that it can't be sued because it wasn't a party to the Master Settlement Agreement. Lorillard is suing under the "vilification" clause of the Master Settlement Agreement; the case centers on ALF's "dog-walk" urine ads. http://www.tobacco.org/resources/documents/030130alfvlorillard.pdf
2003-01-30: Irish Health Minister announces complete ban on smoking in all workplaces, to take effect Jan. 1, 2004. The announcement by Minister for Health, Mr Martin and the Minister for Labour Affairs, Mr Frank Fahey follows the release of a report by the the Office of Tobacco Control on the ill-effects on health of passive smoking in the workplace..
2003-02-07: FL: Tobacco wins Allen/Broin airline secondhand-smoke suit.
2003-02-07: CA: Philip Morris and RJR win Lucier suit.
2003-02-14: LITIGATION: Appeals Court Decides New York may ban out-of-state sales direct to consumers via direct mail or the internet.The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals reversed a June, 2001 federal court ruling that had thrown out the law (Section 1399-11, signed on Aug. 16, 2000), in a suit brought by B&W and Santa Fe Natural. The law, "neither impedes nor obstructs the flow of cigarettes in interstate commerce," Senior Judge Roger J. Miner said.
2003-02-14: UK: Tobacco advertising comes to an end. The first stage of the Tobacco Advertising and Promotion Act 2002 officially begins at one minute past midnight; banning new tobacco sponsorship agreements, advertising on billboards and in the press and free distributions. The ban also covers direct mail, internet advertising and new promotions.
2003-02-17-28: WHO's Sixtth Framework Convention on Tobacco Control session meets in Geneva, finalizing a landmark treaty to stem tobacco use and related disease worldwide. It is scheduled to be formally adopted in May, 2003.
2003-03-01: TX: SMOKEFREE: Dallas' smoking ban goes into effect, forbidding smoking in restaurants, bingo halls, hotel meeting rooms and bars that derive less than 25% of their incomes from food.
2003-03-18: LITIGATION: NY Times reveals that the US Department of Justice is demanding $289 billion in disgorged profits from tobacco companies for their half-century of "fraudulent and dangerous market practices. The DOJ has filed over 1400 pages of court documents, including many "secret" documents from the industry's files.
2003-03-18: National LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) Health Awareness Week kicks off, focusing on smoking and the tobacco industry's marketing to the LGBT community.
2003-03-22: IL: Judge orders Philip Morris to pay $10.1 billion in damages for misleading smokers into believing that low-tar cigarettes are safer than regular brands. Susan Miles et al v Philip Morris Inc. See: http://www.tobacco.org/resources/documents/030321milesvmo.html
The Court finds that the term 'Lights' not only conveyed a message of reduced harm and safety, but also conveyed to Class members that the 'Lights' cigarette product was lower in tar and nicotine. . . . Philip Morris' strategy was to create doubt about the negative health implications of smoking without actually denying these allegations. . . . The evidence at trial establishes that Philip Morris continued this disinformation campaign through the mid-1990s. . . Philip Morris' motive was evil and the acts showed a reckless disregard for the consumers' rights. — Illinois Circuit Court Judge Nicholas Byron.
2003-03-25: BUSINESS: Ratings agencies downgrade MO, MSA bonds. Because of Philip Morris' $12 Billion bond in the Price case, Moody's reduces the credit rating for Altria, the parent of Philip Morris. The next day, Standard & Poor's places all its ratings on all tobacco settlement revenue securitization and tobacco litigation settlement securitization transactions on CreditWatch with negative implications. These actions spark a sell-off in tobacco bonds. Over the next few days, MO stock falls to 52-week low.
2003-03-26: New York state passes near-total statewide smoking ban. The NY state Senate passes an Assemblye-approved bill amending the Clean Indoor Air Act of 1989. Hours later, Gov. Pataki signs it. It bans smoking in all bars, restaurants, and clubs like the VFW and Elks. Exempt are cigar bars already registered in NYC, Indian casinos, personal residences and cars, and clubs staffed by volunteers. The bill will supercede some of New York City's exemptions, most notably those involving ventilation systems. NYC's law goes into effect April 1; NY State's law goes into effect in 120 days, ie, July 24.
2003-04: SARS Scare. The SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Disease) epidemic in Asia spurs rumors, akin to conventional wisdom during Europe's plague years, that smoking prevents the disease. The rumors have surface in China, Singapore and the Philippines.
2003-04-01: RJR, Lorillard file suit against California's "vilifying" ad campaign. Filing in federal court in Sacramento, the companies allege that the Prop 99-funded ads are a misuse of taxpayer money, poison the juror pool, violate the companies' constitutional rights of free speech and make it impossible "to get a fair trial in the state of California." The companies seek a halt to ads inteded to "vilify" the industry.
2003-04-01: NY: SMOKEFREE: New York City's smoking ban goes into effect, forbidding smoking in all restaurants and bars, except for a few cigar lounges.
2003-04-13: NY: SMOKEFREE: Bouncer is fatally stabbed enforcing NYC smoking ban. Dana Blake, 32, is stabbed in fracas that erupts when he tells Chinese mob boss' son, Jonathan Chan, to stop smoking in nightclub "Guernica."
2003-04-19: CANADA: Halifax, NS, smoking ban goes into effect. The bylaw bans smoking in restaurants, bingo halls and taxis, and limits smoking areas in bars, casinos and private clubs to separately ventilated rooms covering no more than 25 per cent of the drinking area. Bars are given 3 months to build the rooms.
2003-05-05: MA: SMOKEFREE: Boston's smoking ban goes into effect, eliminating smoking in all workplaces, including all bars and restaurants. Some cigar lounges are exempted.
2003-05-05: SOUTH KOREA: TOBACCO CONTROL: Chosun Ilbo newspaper bans images of people smoking from its pages.
2003-05-14: UK: TOBACCO CONTROL: 2nd phase of the Tobacco Advertising and Promotions Act 2002 takes effect, banning in-pack promotion schemes, including 'money-off' coupons contained within cigarette packs, and direct marketing contracts set up after October 1999. Such contracts involve tobacco companies writing to people to promote their products. This direct mailing will be banned unless a member of the public specifically requested inclusion on such a distribution list before October 8, 1999.
2003-05-17: British Medical Journal publishes tobacco-funded secondhand smoke study, creates uproar.
2003-05-17: Canadian tobacco control advocate Barb Tarbox dies of lung cancer at 42. The former model's talks to teens brought many to tears.
2003-05-21: TOBACCO CONTROL: WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control is approved by all 192 nations at WHO's annual World Health Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland.
2003-05-21: LITIGATION: FL: Florida Appeals Court overturns Engle verdict, disbands class.
2003-05-23: LITIGATION: BOERNER v. B&W: A federal jury awards the family of Mary Jane Boerner $19 Million--$5 Million in compensatory and 14 Million in punitive damages.
2003-05-23: CT bans smoking in workplaces, bars and restaurants.. Gov. John G. Rowland signed into law a bill that bans smoking in establishments with more than five employees. The restaurant ban takes effect Oct. 1, 2003; the bar/tavern ban begins April 1, 2004.
2003-05-23:: CO: Pueblo, CO, goes smokefree. Pueblo's smoking ban went goes into effect after the results of a special election were made official.Voters in the 4/20/03 election approved the revised ordinance 59-41 percent. Smoking is now prohibited in almost all businesses and other indoor areas open to the public, including bars and. restaurants.
2003-06-01: SMOKEFREE: CANADA: Prince Edward Island goes smokefree, except in DSRs. PEI's Smoke-free Places Act comes into effect, forbidding smoking in all workplaces, including bars and restaurants, except in Designated Smoking Rooms (DSRs). Food and beverage service will not be available in DSRs.
2003-06-01: SMOKEFREE: Egypt Air goes 100% Smoke-free
2003-06-05: SMOKEFREE: TX: Austin city council passes smoking ban.
2003-06-06: SMOKEFREE: OK: Gov. signs Oklahoma's state-wide smokefree air legislation into law. It bans smoking in restaurants where less than 60% of the revenues are derived from alcohol sales and where no one under 21 is allowed. It allows separate smoking rooms. The law is to take effect March 1, 2006.
2003-06-16: SMOKEFREE: AL: Alabama passes statewide restrictions on smoking, the last state in the US to do so. It allows employers to decide if they want to have a smoking policy in their private businesses and factories, but also allows local communities to enact stricter policies.
2003-06-18: NY: New York begins enforcing ban on internet cigarette sales, after a series of court challenges. It prohibits private carriers from delivering mail order cigarettes.
2003-06-19: BUSINESS: NASCAR drops RJR sponsorship. Nextel signs 10-year, $700 million agreement, ending RJR's 32-year Winston Cup sponsorship. What had been known as Winston Cup racing since 1971, will be known as Nextel Cup, starting in 2004.
2003-06-23: SMOKEFREE: PHILIPPINES: President Arroyo signs landmark Tobacco Regulation Act into law. Republic Act 9211, the 2003 Tobacco Regulation Act designates all public places as non-smoking areas. It regulates the packaging, use, sale, distribution and promotion of tobacco products in the country--the first law in the world that complies with WHO FCTC requirements. It allows separate smoking spaces; Philip Morris Philippines Manufacturing Inc. (PMPMI) will assist the inter-agency committee (IAC) that will draft the implementing rules and regulations (IRR).
2003-06-23: SMOKEFREE: FL: Gov. Bush signs statewide smokefree air legislation implementing voter-approved constitutional amendment.
2003-06-24: SMOKEFREE: ME: Maine bans smoking in bars, the fifth state to do so. Gov. John Baldacci signs legislation that bans smoking in lounges and taverns, pool halls and certain off-track betting sites.
2003-07-01: 6 US States raise cigarette taxes, including Delware and Georgia. 30 states have raised cigarette taxes since Jan. 1, 2002. By the end of July, cigarette tax increases will have gone into effect in eight states -- Delaware, Georgia, Hawaii, New Jersey, New Mexico, Rhode Island, Vermont and Wyoming. On June 30, New Jersey raised its tax by 55 cents to $2.05 per pack, the highest in the nation. This will bring to 30, along with the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, the number of states that have increased cigarette taxes since January 2002.
2003-07-01: SMOKEFREE: CANADA: Winnipeg smoking ban goes into effect. Effective July 1, 2003, The City of Winnipeg Smoking Regulation By-law No. 88/2003 bans smoking in all enclosed public places including bars, restaurants, lounges, beverage rooms and cabarets, private clubs , taxi cabs, rooms rented for private social functions.
2003-07-01:SMOKEFREE: CANADA: Edmonton restaurant smoking ban goes into effect. Bars, bingos and casinos must go smokefree in 2005.
2003-07-01: NJ: State tax rises 55 cents per pack, bringing NJ's total cigarette tax to $2.05 per pack, making it the highest in the nation--the first to break the $2 barrier.
2003-07-01: SMOKEFREE: KY: Lexington, KY, bans smoking. The Urban County Council votes 11-3 to ban smoking in almost all public places, including bars, reestaurants, bowling alleys and pool halls. The ban in the heart of tobacco county will take effect Sept. 29, 2003.
2003-07-02: LITIGATION: AR: US District Judge James Moody nullifies the $15 Million punitive damages award in the Boerner case, because B&W had only bought American Tobacco Co., which had made the Lucky Strike and Pall Mall brands Mary Jane Boerner had smoked.He upholds the $4.25 Million compensatory award.
2003-07-03: SMOKEFREE: NM: Albuquerque, NM, smoking ban goes into effect. Smoking is banned in restaurants. Bars in restaurants have a year to either prohibit smoking, or enclose the area in a separately-ventilated section.
2003-07-03: SMOKEFREE: UK: England's chief medical officer, Sir Liam Donaldson, says smoking should be banned in all public places to reduce the threat of illness caused by secondhand smoke.
2003-07-03: Rhode Island: State troopers move to confiscate the inventory of the Narragansett tribe's 2-day-old smoke shop; a melee breaks out. 7 Narragansetts are arrested.Lawsuits ensue.
2003-07-29: SMOKEFREE: OH: Toledo smoking ban passed by City Council.
2003-07-29: BAT releases "Social Report 2002-03"
2003-07-31: LITIGATION: CA: Philip Morris wins Reller lawsuit.
2003-08-01: SMOKEFREE: CANADA: Halifax, NS, implements full smoking ban; bars are required to have separately-ventilated smoking rooms.
2003-08-11: LITIGATION: UK: Casino worker Michael Dunn, who blamed his asthma on secondhand smoke, wins about £50,000 in an out-of-court settlement with Napoleon's Casino. This is thought to be the first such payout in the leisure/entertainment industry.
2003-08-24: SMOKEFREE: OH: Toledo smoking ban goes into effect. It bans smoking in bars and restaurants but allows for seperately-ventilated smoking lounges.
2003-08-26: 26 Attorneys General write president of the Motion Pictures Association of America (MPAA), urging him to help reduce smoking in the movies.
2003-08-26: LITIGATION: FL: RJR Pays $196,000 to the estate of Floyd Kenyon, the 2nd time an individual has collected payment from the tobacco industry for a tobacco-related illness.
2003-09-01: SMOKEFREE: OK: Oklahoma's statewide workplace smoking ban goes into effect. Businesses may create separately-ventilated smoking rooms. Bars are exempt. Restaurants have until March 1, 2006, to either go smoke-free or build fully enclosed, separately ventilated rooms for smokers.
2003-09-01: SMOKEFREE: Alabama Clean Indoor Air Act goes into effect, prohibiting smoking in hospitals, schools, most retail businesses, buses and taxis; bars, restaurants and most workplaces are exempt, but localities are not preempted from passing stronger laws. Wyoming is the only state without a statewide smokefree regulation.
2003-09-23: LITIGATION: Florida appeals court refuses to rehear Engle case.
2003-09-23: LITIGATION: CA: Appeals court slashes Henley award. California's First District Court of Appeals cuts the $25 million Henly award to $9 million, citing the Supreme Court's April ruling on the relationship of punitive to compensatory damages.
2003-10: RJR announces serious cutacks. The company says it will cut 2600 jobs, drop marketing for Winston and Doral, and concentrate marketing efforts on its Camel and Salem brands.
2003-10-01: European Union ban on the branding of cigarettes as "light" or "mild" takes effect. Health warnings must cover 30% of the front, and 40% of the back of cigarette packs.
2003-10-01: SMOKEFREE: Connecticut bar/restaurant smoking ban takes effect. Cafe's are allowed
2003-10-01: Wal-Mart reaches agreement with attorneys general to tighten controls against cigarette sales to youth.
2003-10-01: LITIGATION: Federal judge approves farmers' class-action settlement. About 500,000 tobacco growers had charged that tobacco companies conspired to rig bids at auctions. Philip Morris, B&W, Lorillard, Universal, Dimon and Standard agree to buy more than 400 million pounds of tobacco over the next 10 years and to pay farmers $200 million in cash. RJR did not participate in the settlement; its case will be heard in April, 2004.
2003-10-02: LITIGATION: LA Times breaks story that Philip Morris settled a lawsuit over a fire in May.
2003-10-09: SMOKEFREE: MD: Montgomery County smoking ban - the strictest in Maryland - goes into effect, after four years of political maneuvering and court battles.
2003-10-27: RJR and BAT announce plans to merge B&W and RJR
2003-11-21: LITIGATION: Solana Beach, CA, ban on beach smoking goes into effect. The measure was finalized on Oct. 21. Other localities with beach smoking bans include Honolulu, HI, Carmel, NY, Sharon, MA, and Belmar, NJ. In 1992, Solana Beach was the first city in California to ban smoking in restaurants.
2003-12-03: LITIGATION: NEW ZEALAND Parliament bans smoking. The Smokefree Environments Amendment Bill bans smoking in schools, bars and other workplaces.
2003-12-03: SMOKEFREE: WASHINGTON: The Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department passes a smoking ban in all indoor spaces including restaurants and bars, thus setting up a challenge to Washington's 1985 preemptive "Clean Indoor Air Act."
2003-12-10: SMOKEFREE: NEW ZEALAND: Governor-General Dame Silvia Cartwright signs the Smokefree Environments Amendment Act. It will come into force Dec. 10, 2004.
2003-12-10: LITIGATION: FL: Jury in Hall lawsuit decides for RJR and B&W.
2003-12-10: IL: LITIGATION: Philip Morris files appeal of Price/Miles lawsuit with Illinois Supreme Court.
2003-12-15: LITIGATION: SWITZERLAND: "Rylander Affair" finally ends; tobacco control advocates acquitted of libel charges against industry mole. After a series of court cases, the criminal division of the Swiss Court of Justice of Geneva acquits M. Diethelm and Dr Rielle and awards costs against Professor Ragnar Rylander.
2003-12-16: SMOKEFREE: GEORGIA: Guinnett Commissioners OK restaurant/workplace smoking ban; it will take effect April 1, 2004.
2003-12-29: RHODE ISLAND: Judge OKs Smoke Shop raid. U.S. District Court Judge William E. Smith rules that the state was correct to stop the sale of tax-free cigarettes at a Narragansett Indian tribe's smoke shop. Because the cigarette tax falls on the consumer, the Narragansetts, in selling cigarettes, are merely an agent for collecting the tax, he rules, and therefore the state did not violate federal law or the tribe's sovereign rights when it executed a search warrant and made arrests on tribal land. Citing the 1978 Settlement Act, Smith wrote that the act makes clear that tribal lands are subject to the "criminal laws and jurisdiction" of the state.
2003-12-31: LITIGATION: Florida appeals court de-certifies Hines "lights" case.
2003-12-31: NEW YORK: Department of State adopts nation's first fire-safe regulations. Secretary of State Randy A. Daniels today announced the adoption of a fire safety standard for cigarettes that will require all cigarettes sold in New York State to be low ignition strength, making them less likely to cause fires if left unattended. The cigarette fire safety standard becomes effective June 28, 2004. . . . All cigarette brands offered for sale in New York State must be tested to determine if they self-extinguish at least 75 percent of the time. Only those brands that meet the state's performance standard will be certified and permitted to be sold in New York.
2004-01-01: SMOKEFREE: Smoking Bans, and other tobacco control legislation, take effect in:
2004: CONSUMPTION: Global cigarette production declines 2.3% from 2003, to 5.5 trillion units, the lowest since 1972. China produces 1.79 trillion cigarettes, 32% of the global total. USA produced 499 billion cigarettes, exporting 24% of them. Japan produced and imported 2,190 cigarettes per person, the highest ratio in the world.
2004: SMOKEFREE: MA: Massachusetts bans smoking in restaurants.
2004: SMOKEFREE: ID: Idaho bans smoking in restaurants
2004: SMOKEFREE: ME: Maine bans smoking in all indoor spaces except private clubs, which must vote on the issue in 2005.
2004: SMOKEFREE: ND: Fargo and West Fargo ban smoking in restaurants.
2004: SMOKEFREE: MN: Moorehead bans smoking in restaurants.
2004-01-01: UK: British Heart Foundation launches massive anti-smoking campaign featuring a lard-type substance oozing from cigarettes, emphasizing what happens inside a smoker's arteries.
2004-01-02: SMOKEFREE: WA: Pierce County's smoking ban takes effect, banning smoking in bars, restaurants, bowling alleys and non-tribal casinos.
2004-01-26: LITIGATION: RJR loses Supreme Court challenge in Kenyon suit. US Supreme court refuses to review Florida ruling. RJR had already paid the $195,000 judgment while the appeal was pending, the first time RJR has paid damages in an individual product-liability lawsuit. RJR is the second to pay out, next to B&W. RJR is seeking an appeal in Florida.
2004-02-01: SMOKEFREE: WV: Cabell County's smoking ban takes effect. Cabell-Huntington Board of Health originally adopted the ban in December 2001. Businesses fought it in court. After two years of legal red tape, the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals ruled in December that the ban can take effect, banning smoking in all restaurants and workplaces with the exceptions of bingo halls, personal care homes and free-standing bars, or establishments where alcohol sales are more than 80 percent of sales.
2004-02-25: UK Health Report Wanless Report Published. In April 2003, the Prime Minister, the Chancellor and the Secretary of State for Health asked Derek Wanless, ex-Group Chief Executive of NatWest, to provide an update of the challenges in implementing the fully engaged scenario set out in his report on long-term health trends. Derek Wanless' final report "Securing Good Health for the Whole Population," concluded that cutting smoking rates was "a key determinant of success" in meeting the Government's public health targets and that the National Health Service needed to shift its balance of effort towards prevention. He underlined the crucial importance of reducing smoking in improving the nation’s health.
2004-02-01: UK: British Medical Association releases "Smoking and Reproductive Health" report, detailing the damage smoking and passive smoking does to men women and children: impotence, infertility, cervical cancer, SIDS, etc.
2004-02-01: Levels of movie smoking found to approximate levels of the 1950s.
2004-03-11: SMOKEFREE: Fayetteville, AR, smoking ban goes into effect.
2004-03-12: SMOKEFREE: UGANDA: Smoking ban announced. Environment Minister Kahinda Otafiire announces a ban on smoking in restaurants, educational institutions and bars. Philip Karugaba said the minister is only implementing a court decision passed in December 2002. The ban will be almost universally ignored March, 2004, when police announce they are enforcing it.
2004-03-29: SMOKEFREE: IRELAND: Complete public smoking ban goes into effect.
2004-03-31: NY: On 1-year anniversary of New York City's smoking ban, studies find no adverse financial impact on bars and restaurants. A report from 4 NYC agencies found:
Here are the highlights of a report issued by four city agencies (finance, health, small business, and economic development):
- Canada: County of Hastings, Ontario, ban prohibits smoking in all restaurants, bars,and workplaces.
- Netherlands: Smoking banned in workplaces, buses, trains, taxis, travel stations and platforms; workplace smoking may only occur in special rooms with ventilation.Hotels, bars and restaurants may allow smoking, but the industry must come up with measures to protect nonsmokers by 2005.
- China: The Temporary Measures on Radio and Television Advertisement Administration bans ads for tobacco on TV and radio.
- Pennsylvania: Cigarette tax rises 35 cents.
- Maine: Bars are added to the state's 1999 restaurant smoking ban. Small smoke shops and the high-stakes bingo operated by the Penobscot Nation are excepted. Virtually all workplaces in Maine are now smokefree.
- Georgia: Bainbridge law prohibits smoking in restaurants, stores, enclosed shopping malls, bars and lounges.
- AB 846, the Statewide Smoke-Free Entryway Law, prohibitrs smoking within 20 feet of public building entries/exits, including buildings in the UC, State University, and community college buildings. This extends the old smoking ban by 15 feet.
- SB 10166 requires tobacco sales to be face-to-face. The new law effectively bans internet and mail-order out-of-state sales.
- A new licensing plan will force tobacco retailers to pay $100 and wholesalers to pay $1,000 to fund stings aimed at black market and counterfeit operators.
2004-04-01: SMOKEFREE: CT: Complete smoking ban goes into effect; prohibiting smoking in previously exempted bar/restaurants with "café" licenses.
2004-04-01: GA: SMOKEFREE: Gwinnett County smoking ban goes into effect, prohibiting smoking in all public buildings, workplaces and restaurants in unincorporated Guinnett.
2004-04-15: SMOKEFREE: NORWAY scheduled to ban public smoking.
2004-04-27: SMOKEFREE: KY: Lexington's smoking ban goes into effect, prohibiting smoking in all bars, restaurants, bingo parlors, etc.
2004-05-01: INDIA: Complete ban on tobacco advertsing and promotions goes into effect, as according to the Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of advertisements and regulation of trade and commerce, production, supply and distribution) Act 2003 which was passed by Parliament in April 2003 and notified in May that year.
2004-05-27: The Health Consequences Of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General
2004-06-01: SMOKEFREE: NORWAY's full smoking ban goes into effect.
2004-06-01: SMOKEFREE: CANADA: Phase 3 of Toronto's smoking ban goes into effect, banning smoking in restaurants and bars.
2004-06-22: UK: Sir Richard Doll finishes 1954 British Doctors study. On the anniversary of the first results confirming the link between lung cancer and smoking (Published in the BMJ on June 26, 1954), Doll, 91, finds the overall risks of smoking to be much greater than originally suspected. Almost 35,000 doctors were surveyed.
2004-07-30: BUSINESS: RJR, B&W merge.
On July 30, 2004, following approval by RJR shareholders and U.S. and European regulatory authorities, Reynolds American Inc. (RAI) was established as the parent company of R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Company, Lane Limited and R.J. Reynolds Global Products. This followed a transaction that combined the nation's second- and third-largest tobacco companies, R.J. Reynolds and the U.S. operations of Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp., under the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company name.
2004-07-30: SMOKEFREE: MEXICO: Mexico City smoking ban goes into effect; prohibiting smoking in many public spaces (banks, hospitals, theatres, buses, etc.), and mandating that restaurants set aside 30% of seating for non-smokers.
2004-09-21: LITIGATION: USA v. Philip Morris USA, et.al. begins; opening statements by US Department of Justice.
2004-10-01: SMOKEFREE: CANADA: Near-complete smoking bans go into effect in Manitoba and New Brunswick provinces.
2004-10-11: In an omnibus corporate tax bill, US Congress passes $10 Billion buyout of tobacco farmers, ending a 70-year federal quota and price support program. The monies will be paid by the tobacco companies.
2004-11-19: SMOKEFREE: Fargo, ND smoking ban goes into effect. Exclusions include truck stops and enclosed bars that restrict those under 21. Restaurant bar areas must be totally closed off from the restaurant.
2004-12-10: SMOKEFREE: NEW ZEALAND smoking ban takes effect, mandating clean indoor air for all workers, including office, restaurant, bar, and casino workers. NZ joins Ireland, Norway, Sweden, and Bhutan.
2004-12-17: BHUTAN ban on all sales of tobacco products comes into effect.
2004-12-21: SMOKEFREE: BHUTAN scheduled to ban public smoking.
2004-12-21: UK: Tobacco Advertising ban goes into effect.
- Employment in NYC's restaurant/bar industry is the highest in over a decade
- tax receipts in restaurants and bars are up 8.7%
- Bar permits/licenses are up by 234
- Bar/restaurant air quality is significantly better (cotinine pollution levels are down 85%)
- Popularity of the law is higher than that of the New York Yankees
- Compliance is almost 100%
70.3 million Americans were current users of a tobacco product in 2004. This is 29.2 percent of the population aged 12 or older. 59.9 million (24.9 percent) smoked cigarettes, 13.7 million (5.7 percent) smoked cigars, 7.2 million (3.0 percent) used smokeless tobacco, and 1.8 million (0.8 percent) smoked tobacco in pipes.
The rate of tobacco use declined between 2002 and 2004, from 30.4 to 29.2 percent, primarily due to a decline in cigarette use from 26.0 to 24.9 percent. The rate of cigar use remained steady, but smokeless tobacco use dropped from 3.3 to 3.0 percent.
Young adults aged 18 to 25 continued to have the highest rate of past month cigarette use (39.5 percent). The rate did not change significantly between 2002 and 2004. The rate of cigarette use among youths aged 12 to 17 declined from 13.0 percent in 2002 to 11.9 percent in 2004.
The number of persons who smoked cigarettes for the first time within the past 12 months was 2.1 million in 2004, not significantly different from the estimates in 2002 (1.9 million) or 2003 (2.0 million). About two thirds of new smokers in 2004 were under the age of 18 when they first smoked cigarettes (67.8 percent).
--Overview of Findings from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, http://www.tobacco.org/scripts/jump.php?article_id=216926&url=http://oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/2k4nsduh/2k4overview/2k4overview.htm
2005-01-01: SMOKEFREE: NE: Lincoln ban on smoking in bars goes into effect. Voters approved the ban in November.
2005-01-01: SMOKEFREE: BULGARIA: Smoking ban goes into effect. Smoking is banned in hospitals, schools, museums, day care cednters and theaters. Offices must have smoking lounges.
2005-01-10: SMOKEFREE: ITALY: Strict smoking ban goes into effect.It bans smoking in indoor spaces --including bars-- unless they have a separate and separately ventilated room.
2005-02-05: LITIGATION: First Philip Morris lawusuit payment
2005-02-07: SMOKEFREE: CUBA: Smoking ban goes into effect. It is forbidden to smoke in public places, air-conditioned or closed rooms, offices, meeting halls, theaters, cinemas and video halls. There are also restrictions on smoking on public transportation and in hospitals. Teen smoking measures are also put into effect, most notably a restriction on sales of tobacco to under-16-year-olds.
2005-02-27: WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control goes into effect in the 57 countries that have ratified the treaty. 111 nations have signed it but not ratified it.
2005-03-01: SMOKEFREE: Rhode Island ban on smoking in most indoor workplaces goes into effect
2005-03-13: SMOKEFREE: BANGLADESH: Parliament passes The Control of Use of Tobacco Products Act, which prohibits smoking in public places, but not restaurants and bars. It also prohibits media advertising and tobacco sponsorships.
2005-03-21: LITIGATION: CA: Supreme Court Refuses to hear Henley apeal. Henley's $9 million award against Philip Morris stands. With interest, Philip Morris will pay over $16 million to Patricia Henley, the second payout for Philip Morris, and the largest. It is also the first punitive damages ever paid to an individual smoker.
2005-03-31: SMOKEFREE: MN: Minneapolis, Bloomington and Hennepin County total smoking bans go into effect. Ramsey County restaurant smoking ban also goes into effect; it exempts establishments with over 50% liquor sales.
2005-03-26: SMOKEFREE: BANGLADESH: The Control of Use of Tobacco Products Act goes into effect, banning smoking in public places, but not restaurants and bars. It also prohibits media advertising and tobacco sponsorships.
2005-04-05: SMOKEFREE: MALTA: Smoking ban goes into effect, banning smoking in all indoor public areas. It allows for exceptions for specially-ventilated smoking rooms.
2005-04-05: SMOKEFREE: WY: Laramie smoking ban goes into effect, banning smoking in virtually all public areas and workplaces, including bars, restaurants, offices, private clubs and sports arenas.
2005-04-21: LITIGATION: Riverside, CA: Jury clears Philip Morris USA in Coolidge lung cancer suit. Bruce Coolidge, 51, began his suit in 2001. The trial lasted 10 weeks. In 2 hours of deliberations, the jury found Coolidge had not proven his lung cancer was caused by smoking.
2005-04-21: LITIGATION: RJR wins Broin-related lawsuit. A jury found that exposure to secondhand smoke in airplane cabins did not cause the chronic sinusitis of Lorraine Swaty, a flight attendant for US Airways.
2005-04-25: LITIGATION: DOJ Lawsuit: Liability phase completed.
2005-05-02: LITIGATION: DOJ Lawsuit: Remedies phase begins.
2005-05-31: LITIGATION: SCOTLAND: Lord Nimmo Smith rules for Imperial Tobacco in McTear case.
2005-05-31: World No Tobacco Day. Focus: Health Professionals
"Health professionals are on the frontline. They need the skills to help people stop smoking, and they need to lead by example, and quit tobacco use themselves."
2005-06-01: SMOKEFREE: SWEDEN: Total bar & restaurant smoking ban scheduled to go into effect. http://www.sweden.gov.se/sb/d/2947/a/17093
2005-06-01: TAXES: KY: Kentucky's lowest-in-the-nation goes from 3 cents per pack to 30 cents per pack.
2005-06-10: LITIGATION: DOJ Lawsuit: Closing arguments end.
2005-06-20: LITIGATION: DOJ Lawsuit: Tobacco CEOs meet with DOJ and Judge Kessler to discuss a settlement.
2005-06-27: LITIGATION: DOJ Lawsuit: In a filing, DOJ sets forth in detail the remedies that it seeks.
2005-06-29: LITIGATION: DOJ Lawsuit: 6 Public Health Organizations led by the Tobacco-Free Kids Action Fund file a request to intervene in regards to remedies.
2005-06-30: SMOKEFREE: SCOTLAND approves full smoking ban. The Smoking, Health and Social Care (Scotland) Bill is approved 97 to 17. The bill, one it receives royal assent, is due to go into effect March 26, 2006, bans smoking in bars, restaurants, offices, theaters, bingo halls and public bathrooms. The only exceptions are prison cells and residential care centers.
2005-07-01: SMOKEFREE: GA: Smoking ban goes into effect. Prohibits smoking in all bars and restaurants that admit minors.
2005-07-01: SMOKEFREE: CA: Statewide smoking ban in prisons goes into effect.
2005-07-01: SMOKEFREE: CO: Smoking ban in all bars and restaurants takes effect in Steamboat Springs.
2005-07-01: SMOKEFREE: WI: Appleton smoking ban goes into effect.
2005-07-01: SMOKEFREE: CANADA: Alberta cities Edmonton and St. Albert go smokefree in bars, bingo halls and casinos.
2005-07-01: TAXES: NH: Tax Hike goes into effect. Tax is raised 28 cents to 80 cents per pack.
2005-07-01: TAXES: OH: Tax Hike goes into effect. Tax is raised 70 cents to $1.25 per pack.
2005-07-01: TAXES: WA: Tax Hike goes into effect. Tax is raised 60 cents to $2.025 per pack.
2005-07-01: TAXES: VA: Tax Hike goes into effect. Tax is raised 10 cents to 30 cents per pack.
2005-07-01: TAXES: Average state tax is now 89.8 cents per pack.
2005-07-07: SMOKEFREE: AR: Pine Bluff smoking ban goes into effect; smoking is banned in workplaces and restaurants; exempt are standalone bars and tobacco shops.
2005-08-01: SMOKEFREE: VT: Bar smoking ban goes into effect. Vermont's restaurants have been smokefree since 1993.
2005-08-01: UK: Brandsharing Regulations come into effect. They are part of the 2002 Tobacco Advertising and Promotion Act. Tobacco companies may no longer feature their name, logo, or branding on clothes and merchandise.
2005-08-01: EUROPE: Promtion and sponsorship ban goes into effect. Formula 1 teams are not longer able to feature cigarette brands.
2005-09-01: SMOKEFREE: MT: Blackfeet Tribe Ban on Indoor Tobacco Use Goes into Effect.:
The Blackfeet Tribal Business Council approved the indoor tobacco-use ban in July 31. It bans all smoking and tobacco use in public places on the reservation. The two tribally owned bars and casinos and privately owned bars that get the majority of their income from drink sales are exempt until 2007. The ban is stricter than Montana's state ban, which takes effect Oct. 1.
2005-09-06: CONSUMPTION: National Survey on Drug Use and Health finds:
70.3 million Americans were current users of a tobacco product in 2004. This is 29.2 percent of the population aged 12 or older.
59.9 million (24.9 percent) smoked cigarettes, 13.7 million (5.7 percent) smoked cigars, 7.2 million (3.0 percent) used smokeless tobacco, and 1.8 million (0.8 percent) smoked tobacco in pipes.
The rate of tobacco use declined between 2002 and 2004, from 30.4 to 29.2 percent, primarily due to a decline in cigarette use from 26.0 to 24.9 percent. The rate of cigar use remained steady, but smokeless tobacco use dropped from 3.3 to 3.0 percent.
Young adults aged 18 to 25 continued to have the highest rate of past month cigarette use (39.5 percent). The rate did not change significantly between 2002 and 2004. The rate of cigarette use among youths aged 12 to 17 declined from 13.0 percent in 2002 to 11.9 percent in 2004.
A higher proportion of males than females aged 12 or older smoked cigarettes in 2004 (27.7 vs. 22.3 percent). Among youths aged 12 to 17, however, girls (12.5 percent) were more likely than boys (11.3 percent) to smoke.
Based on 2003 and 2004 data combined, 18.0 percent of pregnant women aged 15 to 44 smoked cigarettes in the past month compared with 30.0 percent of women in that age group who were not pregnant. However, among those aged 15 to 17, this pattern did not hold. The rate of cigarette smoking among pregnant women aged 15 to 17 was 26.0 percent compared with 19.6 percent among nonpregnant women of that age (not a statistically significant difference).
In completely rural nonmetropolitan counties, current cigarette use among persons aged 12 or older declined from 31.8 percent in 2002 to 22.8 percent in 2004.
Among the 93.4 million persons who had ever smoked cigarettes daily in their lifetime, nearly half (46.2 percent) had stopped smoking in 2004; that is, they did not smoke at all in the past 30 days. The remaining 53.8 percent were still current smokers.
2005-09-12: LITIGATION: DOJ Lawsuit: Judge Kessler's deadline for amicus filings. 8 different amicus briefs have been submitted on behalf of more than 50 outside entries.
2005-09-19: TAXES: ME: Tax Hike goes into effect. Tax will be raised $1 to $2 per pack
2005-09-29: LITIGATION: Supreme Court of Canada rules tobacco companies may be sued for health care costs. The Court dismissed an appeal from a tobacco company and upheld the validity of British Columbia's Tobacco Damages And Health Care Costs Recovery Act.
2005-09-30: CANADA: Fire-safe cigarette rules go into effect. "All cigarettes manufactured or imported for sale in Canada must now meet the new national standard intended for ignition propensity which will reduce the risk of fire." http://www.newswire.ca/en/releases/archive/September2005/30/c6106.html
2005-10-01: TAXES: NC: Tax due to rise 25 cents, to 30 cents a pack. South Carolina will then have the lowest tax in the nation, 7 cents a pack.
2005-10-01: SMOKEFREE: MT: Smoking ban goes into effect; ban exempts bars until 2009.
2005-10-01: SMOKEFREE: KY: Georgetown smoking ban goes into effect.
2005-10-13: CA: Tobacco licensing rules go into effect in Riverside County. Businesses that sell tobacco must pay a $350 license each year. Proceeds will go to funding of "stings." Violations of any tobacco law could result in the revocation of a business' license.
2005-10-27: SMOKEFREE: UK: Government announces partial smoking ban in health bill.
2005-11-08: SMOKEFREE: WA: Voters pass Initiative 901 by over 60%. The smoking ban's outdoor restrictions near entrances, window, etc. make it the toughest in the nation. The law will take effect Dec. 8.
2005-11-15: SMOKEFREE: KY: Louisville smoking ban goes into effect. Bars and and buildings that have enclosed smoking rooms with separate ventilation systems are exempted.
2005-12-07: SMOKEFREE: IL Chicago City Council passes smoking ban. Ban which exempts tobacco stores, American Legion halls, bars and restaurant bars until July 2008, goes into effect Jan. 16, 2006.
2005-12-08: SMOKEFREE: WA full smoking ban goes into effect.
2005-12-15: LITIGATION: IL: State Supreme Court overturns Price verdict.
2005-12-30: SMOKEFREE: MD: Prince George Smoking ban goes into effect. Smoking is banned in most bars and restaurants.
2006-01-01: TAXES: National state average is now 92 cents per pack.
2006-01-01: SMOKEFREE: CANADA: Province of Alberta's moking ban goes into effect. Smoking is banned in places open to minors.
2006-01-01: SMOKEFREE: SPAIN: Smoking ban goes into effect. Smoking is banned in offices, sporting arenas and other public venues; restaurants, bars and hotels are required to sequester smokers. Small bars must either ban cigarettes or bar people under 18.
2006-01-01: SMOKEFREE: AUSTRALIA: Tasmania is first state to go completely smokefree. Smoking only allowed in open-air areas.
2006-01-01: SMOKEFREE: MACEDONIA: Restaurant Smoking ban goes into effect.
2006-01-01: SMOKEFREE: BELGIUM: Office Smoking ban goes into effect.
2006-01-01: SMOKEFREE: CZECH REPUBLIC: Smoking ban goes into effect. Smoking is banned in schools, theaters, state offices and train platforms and bus stops.å
2006-01-01: SMOKEFREE: MACEDONIA: 1995 smoking ban finally begins being enforced. Hospitals, government workplaces are smokefree; much confusion remains among restaurateurs about ventilation/space requirements..
2006-01-01: SMOKEFREE: IL: Preemption Falls; under the Clean Indoor Home Rule Act, signed in August, 2005, cities are now able to restrict smoking.
2006-01-16: SMOKEFREE: IL: Chicago's phased-in smoking ban begins. Smoking in restaurants without liquor licenses is forbidden. Bars, excepting those that meet "air purification" standards, will be smokefree beginning July 1, 2008.
2006-01-01: SMOKEFREE: CO: Rest of Grand Junction smoking ban goes into effect. Restaurants in existence before summer of 2003 must now go smokefree. Bingo halls and bowling alleys may allow smoking only in separated areas.
2006-02-15: SMOKEFREE: UK: House of Commons passes nearly total smoking ban.
2006-02-22: LITIGATION: MO: Jury finds for tobacco companies in VanDenBurg case.
2006-03-01: SMOKEFREE: URUGUAY:Smoking ban goes into effect. President Tabare Vazquez's law bans smoking in bars, restaurants and workplaces.
2006-03-01: SMOKEFREE: ARGENTINA:First phase of Buenos Aires smoking ban begins. Smoking is banned in Municipal government buildings; bars, restaurant will join the ban later.
2006-03-01: SMOKEFREE: OK:State smoking ban goes into effect. 2003 law mandates that restaurants serving more than 50 customers must either declare themselves smoke free or provide a separately ventilated smoking room.Smoking is allowed in stand-alone bars.
2006-03-01: SMOKEFREE: IN:Indianapolis, Greenfield smoking bans go into effect.
2006-03-01: SMOKEFREE: SERBIA: Serbia relaunches 2003 legislation that outlawed smoking in workplaces, promising strict enforcement.
2006-03-01: REGULATION: AUSTRALIA: Graphic warning labels are now required on cigarette packs.
2006-03-13: LITIGATION: GA: State Supreme Court rules MSA protects tobacco companies from punitive damages. (Gualt v. B&W, http://www.gasupreme.us/op_summaries/opsumm060313.html)
2006-03-17: SMOKEFREE: CA:Calabasas outdoor smoking ban goes into effect.
2006-03-20: LITIGATION: CA: US Supreme Court allows Boeken $50M punitive damages verdict to stand against Philip Morris (compensatory damages: $5.5M). Here is the CA Supreme Court ruling cutting the $100M verdict to $50M: http://caselaw.findlaw.com/data2/californiastatecases/B152959A.DOC
2006-03-22: LITIGATION: FRANCE: Altadis wins Berger liability suit.
2006-03-26: SMOKEFREE: SCOTLAND: Full smoking ban due to go into effect.
2006-03-31: SMOKEFREE: MN: St. Paul smoking ban goes into effect.
2006-04-15: SMOKEFREE: NJ:Smoking ban due to go into effect. Casino floors are exempted.
2006-05-20: SMOKEFREE: MS:Starkville complete smoking ban goes into effect.
2006-05-20: SMOKEFREE: CANADA: Ontario's near-total smoking ban goes into effect.
2006-07-01: TAXES: NC Tax due to rise 5 cents, to 35 cents a pack.
2006-07-01: SMOKEFREE: CO: Nearly complete smoking ban due to go into effect. Casinos are exempted.
2006-07-01: SMOKEFREE: MS: Smoking ban in most government buildings goes into effect.
2006-07: SMOKEFREE: AUSTRALIA: Queensland, Western Australia: full smoking ban due to go into effect.
2006-12: SMOKEFREE: AUSTRALIA: ACT: full smoking ban due to go into effect.
2007: SMOKEFREE: UK: Britain's NHS due to go entirely smoke-free.
2007-01-01: SMOKEFREE: IL: Cook County smoking ban due to go into effect.
2007-04: SMOKEFREE: UK: NORTHERN IRELAND: Smoking ban due to go into effect.
2007-Summer: SMOKEFREE: UK: WALES: Smoking ban due to go into effect.
2007-Summer: SMOKEFREE: UK: ENGLAND: Smoking ban due to go into effect.
2007-07: SMOKEFREE: AUSTRALIA: Victoria, New South Wales: full smoking ban due to go into effect.
Chapter 1: Discovery
Chapter 2: The Sixteenth Century--Sailors Spread the Seeds
Chapter 3: The Seventeenth Century--"The Great Age of the Pipe"
Chapter 4: The Eighteenth Century--Snuff Holds Sway
Chapter 5: The Nineteenth Century--The Age of the Cigar
Chapter 6: The Twentieth Century, 1900-1950--The Rise of the Cigarette
Chapter 7: The Twentieth Century, 1950-1999--The Battle is Joined
Chapter 8: The New Millennium
This document's original URL is: http://www.tobacco.org/resources/history/Tobacco_History.html
©2001 Gene Borio, Tobacco BBS (212-982-4645). WebPage: http://www.tobacco.org.Original Tobacco BBS material may be reprinted in any non-commercial venue if accompanied by this credit
Go Back to Home Page
The Smoker's Club, Inc.